PHILIP GLASS

ROBERT WILSON
Einstein on the Beach

Philip Glass  Einstein On The Beach

Choreography by Lucinda Childs
With
Helga Davis
Kate Moran
Antoine Silverman
Spoken Text
Christopher Knowles/Samuel M. Johnson/Lucinda Childs
With
The Lucinda Childs Dance Company
Music Performed by
The Philip Glass Ensemble
Conducted by
Michael Riesman
Direction/ Set and Light Design
Robert Wilson
Music/Lyrics
Philip Glass
Lighting
Urs Schoenebaum
Sound
Kurt Munkasci
Costumes
Carlos Soto
Hair/Make-Up
Luc Verschueren
Production Manager
Marc Warren
Associate Producer
Kaleb Kilkenny
Associate Producer
Alisa E. Regas
Music Director
Michael Riesman
Co-Director
Ann-Christin Rommen
Directing Associate
Charles Otte

source: wikipedia

Einstein on the Beach est un opéra écrit et mis en musique, en 1976, par Philip Glass, mis en scène et dirigé par Robert Wilson. L’opéra contient également des textes de Christopher Knowles, Samuel M. Johnson et Lucinda Childs. Einstein on the Beach est défini par Philip Glass comme un opéra en quatre actes, pour ensemble, chœur et solistes.
Avec une durée de cinq heures, c’est le premier et le plus long opéra de Philip Glass. Étant donné la nature de la musique (lente répétition de petits éléments, évolution et changements très graduels, motifs récurrents) et la durée, Robert Wilson a voulu que l’entrée et la sortie des spectateurs soient libres.
Einstein on the Beach a rejoint deux autres opéras (Satyagraha en 1980 et Akhnaten en 1983) pour former une trilogie informelle. Chacun de ces opéras a pour vocation d’établir le portrait de personnages dont la vision et la puissance de leurs idées transformera la pensée de leur temps.
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source: wikipedia

Einstein on the Beach is an opera in four acts (framed and connected by five “knee plays” or intermezzos), scored by Philip Glass and directed by theatrical producer Robert Wilson. The opera eschews traditional narrative in favor of a formalist approach based on structured spaces laid out by Wilson in a series of storyboards. The music was written “in the spring, summer and fall of 1975.”Glass recounts the collaborative process: “I put [Wilson’s notebook of sketches] on the piano and composed each section like a portrait of the drawing before me. The score was begun in the spring of 1975 and completed by the following November, and those drawings were before me all the time.” The premiere took place on July 25, 1976, at the Avignon Festival in France. The opera contains writings by Christopher Knowles, Samuel M. Johnson and Lucinda Childs. It is Glass’s first and longest opera score, taking approximately five hours in full performance without intermission; given the length, the audience is permitted to enter and leave as desired.
The work became the first in Glass’ thematically-related Portrait Trilogy, along with Satyagraha (1979), and Akhnaten (1983). These three operas were described by Glass as portraits of men whose personal vision transformed the thinking of their times through the power of ideas rather than by military force.
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source: wikipedia

Einstein on the Beach è un’opera composta da Philip Glass, progettata e diretta da Robert Wilson. Essa contiene anche scritti di Christopher Knowles, Samuel M. Johnson e Lucinda Childs.
È il primo e più lungo spartito per opera di Philip Glass e dura approssimativamente cinque ore (tre ore e mezza su CD) da eseguire senza interruzioni. Data la natura della musica (le lunghe ripetizioni di piccoli elementi, sviluppo e cambiamento molto graduali, motivi ricorrenti) e il lavoro precedente di Wilson molto più lungo, fu desiderio di Wilson che il pubblico fosse libero di andare e venire a suo piacimento.
Il testo musicale divenne il primo di una trilogia collegata tematicamente, seguito da Satyagraha (1980) e Akhnaten (1983), benché il termine trilogia sia un po’ ingannevole. “Einstein on the Beach”, “Satyagraha” ed “Akhnaten” sono anche conosciuti come le tre opere “ritratto” di Philip Glass. V’è comunque confusione sull’autore di “Einstein on the Beach” essendo una collaborazione tra Wilson e Glass. Essa, effettivamente, è un’opera di Wilson (direttore) orchestrata da Glass.
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source: wikipedia

Einstein en la playa (título original en inglés: Einstein on the Beach) es una ópera que se estrenó el 25 de julio de 1976 en el Festival de Aviñón en Francia, con música y texto de Philip Glass y diseñada y dirigida por el productor teatral Robert Wilson. También contiene escritos de Christopher Knowles, Samuel M. Johnson y Lucinda Childs. Glass describe Einstein on the Beach como una “Ópera en cuatro actos para conjunto, coro y solistas”.
Esta es la primera y más larga partitura de Glass para ópera, de aproximadamente cinco horas (un poco menos de tres horas y media en un cedé) sin interrupciones. Dada la extensión de la ópera, el público es libre de entrar y salir a voluntad.
La partitura de Einstein on the Beach se convirtió en la primera de una trilogía vagamente relacionada temáticamente, seguida por Satyagraha (1980) y Akhnaten (1983). Estas tres óperas fueron descritas por Glass como óperas “retrato” que describen a hombres cuya visión personal transformó el pensamiento de su época a través del poder de las ideas más que por la fuerza militar.