tadao ando

Naoshima Contemporary Art Museum

KACHA LEMYA

source: architectboy
Naoshima Contemporary Art Museum was designed by the architecture Tadao Ando, the museum stands on a promontory on a small island floating in the Inland Sea. The building is relaxed and at rest-stretched out as if to enjoy the view of the sea. The spacious site creates an impression of brightness, lightness and outward orientation; curved lines seem to dance joyously. The inward-oriented seriousness of Tadao Ando’s works in cities is absent; instead, there is a sense of release about this building. The eluding geometry design of an inhibiting, prescriptive character, the building has seemingly fled to nature in search of freedom and release. We sense a centrifugal force at work. Walls constructed through natural stone, terraces, and plazas are arranged throughout the site. Here, nature and architecture disport themselves; climate and geometry melt into one another.

Let us approach this museum by boat from the sea. Like the entrance to a house, the pier welcomes us. Next, there is a concrete wall and a broad terraced plaza of natural stone. This is a garden placed in the midst of maternal nature, a device that articulates and draws attention to the latter. Tadao Ando designed a landscape out of nature with minimal manipulation. That was always the traditional predisposition of Japanese culture. For example, correlations between Ando’s spaces and Japanese haiku have been pointed out from time to time. Haiku is an extremely short verse form of a highly normative character; it must contain a “season word” and three metrical units of five, seven, and five syllables respectively. Using geometry, Ando likewise articulates the landscape into phrases and generates another nature within nature.

Plans and Sketches
Let us look at his plans. A hotel, an art museum, a restaurant, and a hall are designed radially around an enormous cylinderNaoshima Art Museum Plan and Sketch. Function and geometry are clearly coordinated. The radial composition of space projects an image of the centrifugal force. However, it is impossible to get an overall image of the building from any angle because the building is embedded in the ground. We can experience only a portion of the space at any one time. Our eyes shift from one direction to another in search of an overall image.

Naoshima Art Museum Interior

The cylinder, on the other hand, is a node integrating vertical lines of circulation. However, because of the sloping topography, we are underground in one room but find ourselves above ground in the next. As we move, the landscape blends into the geometry; nature and geometry are at play. The landscape breaks through the perimeter of the building and invades the interior; the rooms are filled, each with a different landscape.

Lodge’s Architecture and Interior Design
Upon complete construction of the museum, a second phase consisting mainly of lodgings was designed to built on a hill behind the museum. A cable car takes us from the museum to the top of the hill. Leaving behind the station, we pass through a garden with a waterfall; we see a water garden at the bottom of an elliptical opening in the hill. The water reflects the sky framed by the ellipse. The guest rooms constructed around the elliptical garden afford beautiful views of the Inland Sea. This is a “detached palace” in a quiet world of its own.

Light and air, rendered extremely abstract, fill the interior spaces of Ando’s religious buildings and private houses. In this work, however, the landscape is quite specific. By enabling us to actually “feel” specific objects and phenomena in the landscape such as sunsets, the wake of a boat, cresting waves, silhouettes of distant islands and stormy skies, he creates spaces that restore to us our physicality and sensitivity.
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source: monicabenini
Tadao Ando é um arquiteto peculiar, a começar pelo fato de que ele nunca se formou numa faculdade de arquitetura. O japonês de Osaka, de 73 anos, é autodidata e antes de se tornar um arquiteto foi caminhoneiro e lutador de boxe. Estudou arquitetura e desenho de interiores por correspondência! É claro que com uma história nada convencional, não podíamos esperar de Tadao um trabalho clichê, né? Em 1969 ele fundou sua própria empresa de arquitetura e ao longo dos anos coleciona prêmios – aqui vale uma ressalva: em 1995 ele recebeu o Prêmio Pritzker (o Oscar dos arquitetos) e doou os cem mil dólares para os órfãos do terremoto de Kobe.

Foi depois de seu primeiro trabalho, um bar de 50 metros quadrados, que ele acreditou ter encontrado um caminho para sua vida profissional. A conquista do primeiro projeto foi intermediada por um amigo dele que estava um pouco preocupado com a falta de trabalho de Tadao. Foi aos 20 anos, após ter acesso ao trabalho de Le Corbusier, mestre da arquitetura contemporânea que se convenceu de que essa era sua vocação.

Naoshima Contemporary Art Museum
Recortes estratégicos para aproveitamento da luz natural, o envolvimento com a natureza, as linhas retas e muito concreto bruto marcam as obras de Tadao, que se propõe a fazer uma arquitetura extremamente sensorial, introspectiva e de uma sutileza sem fim, apoderando-se de poucos elementos de construção.

Os princípios seguidos por Tadao são os da estética wabi-sabi (surgiu no Japão durante o século XVI), que faz uma clara oposição à riqueza e ao luxo emergentes. Está intimamente ligada ao Budismo Zen. Na verdade, wabi sabi é um olhar, uma maneira de “ver”as coisas através de uma ótica de simplicidade, naturalidade e aceitação da realidade; é aceitar a beleza que mora nas coisas imperfeitas e incompletas.